Finest Hour 100

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AMPERSAND: 1968-1998 – Patrons, Honorary Members and Award Winners

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 63


PATRONS

Admiral of the Fleet The Earl Mountbatten of Burma,
KG, PC, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCVO, DSO (1975-1979)
The Lady Soames, DBE (1986-)

HONORARY MEMBERS

1. The Baroness Clementine Spencer-Churchill (1968-1979)*
2. Randolph S. Churchill, MBE (1968)*
3. Winston S. Churchill (1968-)
4. Jerome Husak (1968-1975)
5. Archbold van Beuren (1968-1975)*
6. The Marquess of Bath (1970-1990)*
7. The Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, PC (1971-1979)*
8. The Hon. Caspar W. Weinberger, GBE (1981-)
9. The Rt. Hon. The Lord Stockton, OM (1982-1986)*
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Regrets, We Have a Few

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 62

As with most publications, FH wasn’t always what it should have been…


“What might have been Churchill’s recommendation for America in Vietnam? One strongly suspects he might have said the United States ought to press on and finish it.”
-FH 23, Jan-Mar 1972

“Did Nixon listen to WSC? ‘Never give in! Never, never, never, never… except to convictions of honour and good sense.'”
-FH 31, Oct-Dec 1974

“Prince Charles could not have made a better choice. His lady already demonstrates the uncommon but vital talent to bear the strains of awesome responsibility with the warm humanity that is the mark of the present Queen’s reign.”
-FH 34, Winter 1981

“Thank you for returning my letter to The Hon. Eustace Gibbs, so stupidly addressed to Contoocook, New Hampshire.* I am afraid it will not be possible for The Prince of Wales to accept honorary membership in the Society.” -Hon. Edward Adeane, Buckingham Palace
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1990-1998: QUOTES OF THE SEASON

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 61


Beginning with Finest Hour 69 in 1990, “International Datelines” led with a “Quote of the Season,” wherein we related something Churchill said to current events. His words on other matters, in other times, were often eerily relevant…

THE GULF WAR

“When the ancient Athenians, on one occasion, overpowered a tribe in the Peloponnesus which had wrought them injury by base, treacherous means, and when they had the hostile army herded on a beach naked for slaughter, they forgave them and set them free, and they said: ‘This was not because they were men; it was done because of the nature of Man.'”
-WSC, 1945 (FH 70,1991)

COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET UNION

“Socialism has become intellectually discredited. It no longer presents itself as a solution of human difficulties or as an effective and practical philosophy….We have seen grisly examples of the ruin which it brought to States, industries and communities of all kinds, whether it was applied on the largest or on the smallest scale….It is intellectually bankrupt and discredited and has been proved on a gigantic scale and with perfect clearness to be fatal to the welfare of living nations.”
-WSC, 1929 (FH 73,1991)
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CHURCHILL ONLINE – Recent Discussions on Listserv “Winston”

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 58

LISTSERV WINSTON:

Subscribe free to our discussion forum. Send the e-mail message SUSCRIBE WINSTON to Listserv@vm.marist.edu —you’ll receive a confirmation and will then be able to send and receive comments on all aspects of Churchill by our online community by e-mailing Winston@vm.marist.edu. In case of problems contact our List Manager, Jonah Triebwasser: JZML@maristB.marist.edu

THE CHURCHILL WEBSITE:

Aim your browser at the www address www.winstonchurchill.org and the Churchill Home Page will appear. Click on any of the icons to connect to the latest information on the Churchill Center and Churchill Societies. The Finest Hour icon produces the earliest publication of the next issue. If you experience any difficulty please email webmaster John Pumpton: Savrola@ican.net


TEMPLE OF PHILAE

From: tomreinehr@USWEST.NET (Thomas Reinehr):

In the second volume of the first edition of The River War (pl7-19), Churchill complains that the dam to be built at Aswan would be eight feet shorter than ideal, resulting in 2.5 times less water storage. This was required to save the Temple of Philae, an ancient Egyptian building. The incident makes one think about a modern problem: weighing the preservation of heritage versus the public good. In a different form the question arises in efforts to prevent development in order to protect an obscure species. I wondered how (or if) Churchill addressed similar situations in his lifetime.
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DOUGLAS HALL’S CHURCHILLIANA – Churchill Commemoratives Calendar Part 10 The 1990s: A Bonanza of Anniversaries

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 56


The two principal golden anniversaries occurring in 1990—the 50th anniversary of Churchill’s first appointment as Prime Minister and of the Battle of Britain—brought a rich crop of Churchilliana. For the first of these, in May, Caverswall produced a plate, a lion head beaker, a mug, a miniature cup and saucer and a thimble. Sutherland China weighed in with a limited edition (2000) mug inscribed “Walking with Destiny” and the Gerry Ford Designs mug had a wraparound transfer depicting Churchill superimposed against a background of the Houses of Parliament. From the USA, Zippo contributed a chrome-plated cigarette lighter with a coloured enamel portrait of Churchill, a facsimile of his signature and the inscription “Let us go forward together, 13 May 1940.”

The best Battle of Britain commemorative was Spode’s loving cup in a limited edition of 500, richly decorated in cobalt blue and gold, with the Royal Air Force and Fighter Command badges and the inscription “Never in the field of human conflict has so much been owed by so many to so few.” Designed by Ray Trigg, and priced at £149, it quickly sold out and now commands a premium of 35% and rising.

Mugs came from Coalport and Sovereign China and the Hamilton Collection marketed a group of six “Finest Hour” plates, made by Royal Worcester, carrying scenes from notable World War II events. Winston’s of Harrogate, that very high class “emporium for the discerning gentleman,” commissioned (“exclusively for its customers”) a nineinches-tall figure of Churchill standing on the cliffs at Dover in 1940. Kevin Francis Ceramics had an immediate success with the first of their Churchill standing Tobies (the one with the subject in “naval” dress and standing astride a bulldog). Issued in a limited edition of 750 at £90, the jug now fetches around £140/ $250.
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Churchill in Stamps: A Man for the Ages

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 54

By RICHARD M. LANGWORTH

Pages 265-270: “BLAZONED WITH HONOUR”

Catalogue numbers are Scott (#) or Stanley Gibbons (sg). A slash mark (/) indicates a set with a common design from which any value is usable. Cams and Minkus catalogue numbers are sometimes used, and are identified by name.


When queried about a posthumous American decoration long after his death, Sir Winston’s daughter Lady Soames said that it was superfluous, since her father regarded Honorary American Citizenship as the highest accolade he could have received, near the end of his life, from the “Great Republic” in which he held such faith.

265. The numerous stamps picturing both Churchill and Kennedy, who died within fifteen months of each other, are ideal for these pages covering the Honorary Citizenship bestowed upon WSC by JFK in April 1963. The text is from Kennedy’s presentation; the stamps are Panama, Minkus catalogue 929 (perf and imperf); and a spurious but interesting Manama silver foil “stamp,” overprinted for Apollo 13, Carus catalogue 414b.

266. A continuation of Kennedy’s speech is illustrated with the Manama gold foil Apollo 13 overprint, counterpart to the previous issue, Minkus 101, Carus 107. The Kennedy stamps overprinted In Memoriam to Sir Winston are Sharjah Minkus 13840 (sg 127-29). Both Manama and Sharjah were Arab Trucial states, their stamps issued mainly for sale to collectors.
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CHURCHILLTRIVIA

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 53

BY CURT ZOLLER (Curt@fea.net)


Erratum: In issue 99,1 mistakenly re-ran Churchilltrivia from issue 98. This installmant continues the proper sequence with question 889. My apologies to readers. -Ed.

Test your knowledge! Most questions can be answered in back issues of Finest Hour or other Churchill Center publications, but it’s not really cricket to check. 24 questions appear each issue, answers in the following issue. Questions are in six categories: Contemporaries (C), Literary (L), Miscellaneous (M), Personal (P), Statesmanship (S), War (W).

889. After Churchill became First Lord of the Admiralty in 1911, whom did he appoint as his Naval Secretary? (C)

890. How old was WSC when he won the Nobel Prize for Literature? (L)

891. Which Monarch told Churchill: “Antwerp and Gallipoli, both conceived by you, were in my opinion the two master-strokes of the war”? (M)
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Books, Arts & Curiosities – A British Heritage: The Statesman-Painter

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 52

ARTICLE ABSTRACT BY TOM REINEHR

Churchill: A portrait of the statesman as a young Artist,” by Merry Alberigi, British Heritage, October/November 1998,6 pages, 7 illustrations, 6 in color, $4.99 on newsstands.


The author, who chaired the 1990 and 1993 Churchill Conferences, became fascinated with Churchill’s painting over ten years ago, and has interviewed Churchill’s family and associates, including three former bodyguards who were responsible for setting up his easels. This past year she completed her master’s thesis on Churchill as a Painter. It was awarded second place in the California State University Student Research Competition.

Churchill took up painting as a hobby when he was out of office and bored in 1915. This began a “career” which spanned over forty years and was a source of great joy. Painting, he said, is “a wonderful new world of thought and craft,” an occupation for every idle hour, an unceasing voyage of entrancing discovery.” As in everything he did, he took no half measures and was quite prolific, producing over 500 oil paintings. His friend Paul Maze once told him to “Paint like you write or speak,” and he did so.
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Books, Arts & Curiosities – Churchill’s Books: A Quirky and Engaging Guide

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 51

By GLENN HOROWITZ

A Connoisseur’s Guide to the Books of Sir Winston Churchill, by Richard M. Langworth. London: Brassey’s, 372 pages, over 200 photographs, 14 books in color, $39.95 (£40 in UK). Member price $35 ppd. from CC Book Club, PO Box 385, Contoocook NH 03229 or £21.50 ppd. from ICS/UK, PO Box 1257, Melksham, Wilts. SN12 6GC.


I recently had reason to show a wall of books in my apartment to a worldly criminal defense lawyer who had never expressed any interest in printed matter except for the sturdy, utilitarian law volumes in his office. The steady, silent gaze he fixed on the shelves baffled me, and after a few moments I inquired If something was troubling him. “Why,” he asked, “are all of your books about other books?” An encyclopedia of baseball statistics, needed to settle a dispute, had been shelved, I realized, in my collection of bibliographies, booksellers’ memoirs, auction catalogues, and library publications.

This encounter came back to me while reading Richard M. Langworth’s A Connoisseur’s Guide, a quirky and engaging tour of all the editions of Churchill’s key texts.

Before a debate over my use of “quirky” in an endearing manner, let it be known to all that Langworth is the major American dealer in books by and about Churchill and as such has a unique view of Churchill as filtered through his work. Others regularly handle Churchill material (including the author of this piece, who, in the spirit of full disclosure, it should be noted is praised in the acknowledgments and cited authoritatively in the text), but none take into stock and send Read More >

Recipes From Number Ten – BOODLES’S ORANGE FOOL

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 50

By Georgina Landemare, the Churchills’ Cook • Edited and annotated for the modern kitchen by Barbara F. Langworth (Email: bjangworth@conknet.com)


After the end of the Second World War, Winston Churchill was made an Honorary Member of Boodles—a distinction previously confined almost exclusively to members of the Royal Family. This story may be apocryphal, but it is said he had only one request when he visited the club for luncheon, accompanied by Lord Cherwell and Harold Macmillan: that he might sit in the bow window facing St. James’s and smoke his cigar; which he did, attracting quite a small crowd outside. According to The Gentlemen’s Clubs of London, Lejeune & Lewis (London: Macdonald and Jane’s 1979, p62), he summed up what so many generations have felt about Boodles’s. He said, “I like this club.”

A fool is a traditional English dessert made of whipped cream and mashed fruit—originally cooked gooseberries. I’ve found two possible derivations of the word fool: one is that the combination of fruit puree and cream was once considered foolish; the other is that the word derives from the French fouler, meaning “to crush.” Any cooked or pureed fruit can be used. Thick cream or even a custard can be substituted for the whipped cream. This recipe does not whip the cream, but uses a cake base.
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Wit& Wisdom

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 50

By Karl-Georg Schon


“FOUL WEATHER FRIEND”… “TATTERED LACKEY”

Browsing our exchanges on the “Winston” listserv, I found a couple of unanswered questions and unattributed quotes. As nearly all requests are answered (and most of those which aren’t are likely to refer to rather dubious or spurious attributions) I thought I might as well try to complete the record:

• On 20 January 1997 Chuck Maegher asked where James Humes had produced his quote of Beaverbrook’s being Churchill’s “foul weather friend.” Lord Moran’s Churchill: The Struggle for Survival, quotes Churchill as saying on 22 September 1944: “Max is a good friend in foul weather. Then, when things are going well, he will have a bloody row with you over nothing.” Moran is, of course, as Martin Gilbert has noted, not a source beyond doubt. But there it is.

• On 30 June 1997 Jim Downs asked Jonah Triebwasser about a Churchill quote “tattered lackeys.” The quote stems from Churchill’s speech on 12 June 1941 and reads in full: “It is upon this foundation that Hitler, with his tattered lackey Mussolini at his tail and Admiral Darlan frisking by his side, pretends to build out of hatred, appetite, and racial assertion a new order for Europe.” (Churchill, The Unrelenting Struggle, 162 ff.)
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Riddles, Mysteries, Enigmas

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 49


Q. What kind of relation did Churchill have with Prime Minister Menzies of Australia? magus@ozemail.com.au

A. The Australian historian, David Day, wrote a critical work, Menzies and Churchill at War (N. Ryde, NSW: Angus & Robertson 1986) which is worth reading for the negative side. But this has to be considered alongside Menzies’s own memoir Afternoon Light (London: Cassell 1967), and his WSC By RGM (Melbourne: Willkie & Co. 1965), limited to 500 copies, possibly available through an Australian library exchange.

Menzies was often frustrated by Churchill’s ideas about strategic priorities, especially with respect to the defense of Australia. In the end, however, Menzies came up with this summary, in Afternoon Light:

“Years afterwards, in 1948,1 made a remark to Winston….’You realise,’ I said, ‘that five years after your death…clever young men will be writing books explaining that you were never right about anything!’ ‘Oh,’ he said in a friendly grumble, ‘you think so, do you?’ I retorted that, as he himself was an historian who had felt called upon to restore the reputation of the great Marlborough, he knew that such things could and would happen. ‘But!,’ I added, ‘not many years later, the clever young men will have been forgotten, and your name will be seen at the pinnacle.'”
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Action This Day – Autumn 1898, 1923, 1948, 1973

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 47

By John G. Plumpton


One hundred years ago:

Autumn 1898 • Age 24

“In love, but not yet -prepared to commit himself…”

The Nile War over, Churchill returned to England where he immediately became embroiled in controversy over his military and political activities. The Prince of Wales wrote him that “I think an officer serving in a campaign should not write letters for the newspapers or express strong opinions of how the operations are carried out.”

“A General Officer” wrote to the Editor of the Army and Navy Gazette: “Can it be for the good of the Service that young subalterns, however influentially connected and able they may be, should be allowed as Lieut. Churchill is to go careering over the world, elbowing out men frequently much abler and more experienced (in a worldly sense at any rate) than themselves?”
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As OTHERS SAW HIM – Theodore Roosevelt: “I saw the Englishman, Winston Churchill…he is not an attractive fellow”

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 46


Churchill and Theodore Roosevelt got off to a thoroughly bad start, according to Robert Pilpel’s excellent Churchill in America 1895-1961 (NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich 1976); the author has presented the rights to The Churchill Center, and we hope to arrange republication.

Churchill journeyed to Albany in December 1900 to meet vice president-elect Roosevelt, who had charged up San Juan Hill just two months before Churchill had charged at Omdurman. Pilpel writes: “…in their vitality, their energy, their lust for adventure, the two men had other things in common as well. It was a case of likes repelling. ‘I saw the Englishman, Winston Churchill here, and…he is not an attractive fellow/ Roosevelt confided to a friend after the meeting, and this negative impression proved as enduring as the parallelism of careers—both Churchill and Roosevelt were to shift their political allegiances from the parties of their youth; both were to achieve the highest political office on two occasions; and both were to be awarded a Nobel Prize.” (37-38)

In 1906, “the reception accorded Lord Randolph Churchill was friendly and its sales were good; only the incumbent President still dwelling on what must have been a truly disastrous first encounter more than five years earlier… ‘I have been over Winston Churchill’s life of his father/ TR told Henry Cabot Lodge. ‘I dislike the father and dislike the son, so I may be prejudiced. Still, I feel that, while the biographer and his subject possess some real farsightedness…yet they both possess or possesed such levity, lack of sobriety, lack of permanent principle, and an inordinate thirst for that cheap form of admiration which is given to notoriety, as to make them poor public servants.’
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THE FIRE OF LIFE – Churchill As Personality of the Century

Finest Hour 100, Autumn 1998

Page 45

By Frances James


Bringing nothing into this world, it is certain that we can carry nothing out. Men measure us by what we leave behind. This can be great or little, simple or subtle; this much can be sure: it can be nothing material. That Promethean spirit, returned now to clay in sure and certain hope of the Resurrection unto eternal life, left much. It is a varied legacy, as what human bequest is not? For the sake of our children, and of generations yet unborn, we must fasten soon and firmly upon the essence of it. The outer wrappings are splendid enough; what lies inside is an infinitely precious gift to mankind. Our peril lies in this: that we may keep on saying the right things for all the wrong reasons: that the appearances by their own dramatic brilliance may blind us to the paradox they enfold.

Those wrappings are real: the example of the great war leader, the captain-general, the master strategist. Within lies this paradox of truth: Winston Churchill was a man of peace—prepared at all times to fight for it. His example as a peacemaker is his true bequest to us.

There is nothing passive about Peace, in either the seeking or possession of it. Its quest demands eternal vigilance, positive thought. Its possession demands resolute preparedness to defend it. He who would disturb the peace never sleeps. Nor does the man of peace passively await his assaults. If you want peace, you must defend it, seek out the disturber, detect him from afar, nail him down, vanquish him.
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