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Finest Hour 108

Finest Hour 108, Autumn 2000

Page 26

As always, your annual donation to our working funds is responsible for a major share of all the things we do—especially with young people. We cannot do it without you! Please use the envelope attached.
Remember, donations are fully tax deductible.

Members of The Churchill Center in the United States will soon receive our annual Heritage Fund mailer to aid our many educational and historical activities. Please take time out to beat the mailer by using the attached envelope now!

As you know, our annual subscription (including the one-third of our members who renew at higher than basic levels) covers only about one-fourth of our expenses. We are as active as we are only through the generous and repeated support of our members. Donations to the Heritage Fund are 100% tax-deductible.

Last year, we enjoyed a very successful Heritage Fund Appeal: 184 donors, total receipts $25,205, average per donor $137. In launching our ! 2000 appeal, we wish to express gratitude to those who helped us so much j last year. Their names are at right.

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Finest Hour 108, Autumn 2000

Page 18

By Michael McMenamin

One hundred years ago:

Autumn 1900 • Age 26

"...you must remember how much money means to me..."

Money, or his lack of it, was very much on Churchill's mind after his election to Parliament for Oldham on 2 October. Thereafter, he toured the country during the remainder of the three-week polling period speaking on behalf of many Conservative candidates, including Balfour and Chamberlain. Of a proposed lecture tour in England after the election concluded, he wrote to his mother, "But you must remember how much money means to me and how much I need it for political expense and other purposes, and if I can make £3000 by giving a score of lectures in the big towns throughout England on the purely military aspect of the [Boer] war, it is very hard for me to refuse...." Churchill didn't refuse and ended up with over £3700 for twentynine speeches during a thirty-day period in November. In one speech, he defended British tactics in South Africa against accusations that they constituted "atrocious barbarities...[in] violation of all the practices of civilised warfare," stating that "the justification of the measures resorted to in order to put an end to guerrilla warfare is that no methods, however stringent, or painful, or severe, can possibly cost so much misery as the continuance of the anarchy and disorder now prevailing."

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Finest Hour 108, Autumn 2000

Page 51

Thirty years ago at Woodstock, Oxford, the Churchill Study Unit, predecessor to ICS and The Churchill Center, issued its first commemorative cover, marking WSC's 95th birthday. The cachet was rubber stamped and copies were sent to each of our thirty-four members. What better way to mark that anniversary than to issue another one on the 125th? This beautiful design is by our ever-faithful Dave Marcus, still our cover producer after three decades. Covers are free to members on the covers list, but you must write to be put on. To do so, send your Finest Hour mailing label to Dave Marcus, 3048 Van Buskirk Circle, Las Vegas NV 89121. Leftover covers are sold to support the covers programme. They cost $3 each from Churchill Stores (address page 2).

Churchill in One Sentence

Herewith more reader entries in our contest to describe Churchill in one sentence of 50 words or fewer. When a reader sent multiple entries we chose the one that seemed to us the most unique and compelling. The winner will be announced later. Are there any more entries?

"His crowning triumph was his stand against tyranny, but he packed his life full from beginning to end, a shining example of how to wring the most from our allotted span: personality, writer, soldier, statesman, he embraced and excelled in all his many roles."

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Finest Hour 108, Autumn 2000

Page 11

CC/ICS honorary member Robert Hardy is cross—nay furious—with The Daily Telegraph. The newspaper's recent series on learning a foreign language included an article about British actors who speak fluent French, yet it didn't even mention him. And Mr. Hardy has only just finished an eight-month stint—yes, eight months —playing Churchill on stage in Paris in a play about Charles de Gaulle.... Florence King, the right-wing misanthrope, invoked John Duke of Marlborough in a scoff at a U.S. Vice Presidential candidate. "If either of the Liebermans says 'Only in America one more time...England had a Jewish prime minister 132 years ago [and] England's first Jewish knighthood was bestowed on Sir Solomon Medina by William III in 1699, in gratitude for his financing of the wars won by the Duke of Marlborough. So far as is known, neither Sir Solomon, nor, later on, Baron Nathan Rothschild, screamed 'Oh, my God! I don't believe it!' like a Lotto winner"...Beltway boffin David Gergen, who worked for both Nixon and Clinton, anticipates in his latest book the upcoming Clinton Memoirs. The President, writes Gergen, "is capable of writing memoirs that could rival Churchill's in insight; he is that talented." We report, you decide....Churchill came within seconds of being shot in the back by Mrs. Churchill, a former Royal Air Force pilot says. The incident happened when

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Finest Hour 108, Autumn 2000

Page 49

By Georgina Landemare, Churchill family cook, 1940s-1950s Updated and annotated ror the modern kitchen by Barbara Langworth (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
All recipes have been pre-tested and pronounced editle by the editors.

Mrs. Churchill knew, '...if you want to keep Winston happy the first thing is to feed him well. He must have a good dinner. It is essential to his happiness.' This embraced everything from his breakfast of eggs and bacon, cold cuts or fresh salmon followed by toast and black cherry jam, coffee or a glass of white wine, ending with a cup of cold consomme before retiring. To the last he loved his roast beef and Yorkshire pudding. On a certain occasion one of his clubs served his favorite meal beginning with petite marmite followed by filet of sole wrapped in smoked Scottish salmon smothered in tiny shrimp. Next a roast deer stuffed with plate and truffles. The dessert was a pudding"
—The Irrepressible Churchill, by Kay Halle.


Like many British households, Mrs. Landemare's kitchen kept a cookery book from the quintessential Mrs. Beeton. The pictures are from my ca.1930 copy of Mrs Beeton's Family Cookery and the recipes are, as usual, from Mrs. Landemare. BFL

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Finest Hour 108, Autumn 2000

Page 39

By Charles W. Snyder

Mr. Churchill: A Portrait, by Philip Guedalla. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1941, rep. 1945; New York: Reynal& Hitchcock, 1941; London: Pan Books (shortened to end in May 1940, source list deleted), 1951; Paris: La Jeune Parke, n.d. (paperback); Stockholm: P. A. Norsted & Soners Forlag, 1942; Toronto: Musson, 1942; Buenos Aires: Claridad, 1942; New York: Blue Ribbon Books, 1943. 346 pages, illustrated. Current availability: common and low priced.

Philip Guedalla's Mr. Churchill (1941) portrays its subject at the pinnacle of his prestige, the man of the hour, the bulwark of a Britain whose survival still hung in the balance. If we cast our minds back to the sterner days of 1941, it is easy to imagine the appeal this book had, not only in Britain but in America, where many wondered how Churchill, the British bulldog who rallied his embattled nation, had become the great man who by then dominated the world stage.

Is Mr. Churchill worth reading today? Certainly it can be read with enjoyment, for its style is pleasing and its pace is fast. This is a very readable book. But the sources available to the author were scant, necessitating a superficial treatment of many topics. Compared with the meatier volumes now available, especially the Official Biography and such one-volume "lives" as Pelling's, Gilbert's, Rose's and Morgan's, Guedalla's is a very light souffle indeed.

It is a flavorful dish nonetheless. Philip Guedalla wrote with flowing style and subtle humor. Because of the book's readability, one might be tempted to recommend it to younger readers, who would like to learn the basic facts of the Churchill saga before tackling more detailed and scholarly treatments. But Mr. Churchill does not fully fit that bill because it ends with the German invasion of Russia, and so much must be learned that came afterward. One would certainly want a student of Churchill to know about his role in the many strategic decisions of the war, the conferences with other Allied leaders, the Fulton speech, the Nobel Prize, and the return to Downing Street in the 1950s.

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Finest Hour 108, Autumn 2000

Page 38

By Richard M. Langworth

Churchill: His Radical Decade, by Malcolm Hill. London: Othila Press 1999. 144 pp., large format, illustrated. Published at $35, member price $30

In 1854 in the United States, President Franklin Pierce vetoed a bill to finance a federal hospital for the mentally ill because "I find nothing in the Constitution to authorize this." In 1896, President Grover Cleveland opposed a bill for federal flood relief on the same grounds. Ten years later in Britain, when the Liberal Party swept into power in a landslide election, the ground shifted. The Liberal Government of 1906 held it a State responsibility to create what Churchill called "a Minimum Standard," below which no citizen should be allowed to fall. Not until the Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal did similar ideas arrive in America. Churchill's Liberals created a rudimentary welfare state twenty years before FDR, and might have extended it had World War I not intervened.

Little has been published on Churchill's decade as radical-Liberal (roughly the first decade of the 20th century) when he became disenchanted with the Conservative Party, crossed the floor to the Liberals and, encouraged by Lloyd George, railed against the privileges of his class. Criss-crossing the country in what Alistair Cooke compared to "a gigantic vaudeville act," Churchill and Lloyd George championed old age pensions, prison reform, unemployment insurance, public health care, and reform (if not elimination) of the House of Lords. Malcolm Hill, whose book addresses this obscure period, believes Churchill's quest was "hopeless" because he did not believe the state should "take responsibility by taxation for retirement, education, health and welfare"; but that Churchill showed "unusual stature" in his efforts to mitigate poverty, far in advance of better known reformers like Franklin Roosevelt.

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Finest Hour 108, Autumn 2000

Page 12

By Larry Arnn

As the end of the millennium and century were celebrated last December, Time selected Albert Einstein as its Person of the Century, with honorable mention to Roosevelt and Gandhi. Churchill was excluded from the first or second ranks, largely because of his opinions about Home Rule for India.

First among the three criteria by which Time made its selections was "the grand struggle between totalitarianism and democracy." Pertinent to this criterion is the following quotation: "I do not consider Hitler to be as bad as he is depicted. He is showing an ability that is amazing and seems to be gaining his victories without much bloodshed." This was written by Mohandas Gandhi in May 1940, the same month in which Winston Churchill became prime minister of Great Britain. Within a month of Gandhi's statement, Hitler would be in control of most of Western Europe. And of course, the murders of civilians, the destruction of millions because of their race or their political views or their nationality, would begin in France as they had begun already in Poland, in Czechoslovakia, and wherever the writ of the Fiihrer ran. May 1940 is certainly a late date for a respected world leader to be writing such a thing.

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Finest Hour 108, Autumn 2000

Page 13


Before we settle the question of who is "Person of the Century," we ought to decide what made the 20th century extraordinary. I believe the significance of these hundred years resides in three "explosions" (and one near-fourth). The three are the explosions of population, of knowledge and of freedom. Together these events transformed the world from a backward, illiterate, uneducated, disease-ridden, colonized globe to a forward-looking, free, literate, democratic, educated, scientifically advanced and awakened community.

All three "explosions" compounded and were complementary to each other. All three accelerated during the latter half of the century because of a decisive upheaval in the middle of it, namely World War II, which led to the triumph of liberty. Winston Churchill virtually set off the "explosion of freedom" during the Second World War; its tsunami waves eventually reached out worldwide, either in the form of national liberation or national awakening. This triggered off the other two "explosions," of science and population. The near-fourth explosion, a nuclear holocaust, was avoided, preserving or enabling the other three.

Churchill's role in the century now closing was therefore pivotal. In the first half of the century, the expansion of population and progress toward knowledge and freedom were incremental; what happened during the latter half was phenomenal. Churchill's preserved freedom, enabling it to spread to nations who had made it prisoner—and many other nations—falsifying the cynical belief that might makes right. Churchill in his relentless war of words during the Second

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Finest Hour 108, Autumn 2000

Page 20


"This is a wonderful place, and the hotel one of the best I have ever used."

"It is the most lovely spot in the whole world." So said Winston S. , Churchill to Franklin D. Roosevelt about Marrakech in 1943. The Prime Minister, who had persuaded the President to visit his favorite haunt after the Casablanca Conference, made this remark while they gazed at one of the beautiful sunsets for which the city is famous, the setting sun tinting the distant, snow-capped peaks of the Atlas Mountains velvet red. Such scenes often inspired Churchill to take up his paintbrush in Marrakech, though during World War II he found time to paint only one picture: it was done on this occasion. Invariably on his visits, Churchill chose to stay at the luxurious Hotel La Mamounia not least because the views from the roof were incomparably "paintaceous."

La Mamounia takes its name from the surrounding gardens, which were once called the "Arset El Mamoun." Two centuries old, these gardens, usually referred to as a park, have a history of their own. The Park once belonged to the Prince Moulay Mamoun, the fourth son of Sultan Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, who reigned in the 18th century. It was customary for the Sultan to offer his sons, as a wedding gift, a house and garden located outside the Kasbah. For his marriage present, Moulay Mamoun received the park, which has since always carried his name. It is said that the prince used to hold extraordinary garden parties here. The magnificent garden remaining from such royal revelry adds to the pleasure of present-day guests, as much by its size (nearly 20 acres) as by its unusual flora.

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