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Finest Hour 112

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Special 9/11 Issue. “You Do Your Worst and We Will Do Our Best!”....“ What kind of a People Do They Think We Are?” Churchill’s Greatness. Atlantic Charter. How WSC Crafted His Speeches. Alanbrooke and Churchill. David Irving Thinks WSC was a Flasher. Cover: WSC addressing Congress after Pearl Harbor.

Finest Hour 112, Autumn 2001

Page 43



At a recent meeting, several present asked "what happened to the International Churchill Society of the USA?" ICS/USA has become The Churchill Center. The name change was appropriate, we reasoned, since the organization had grown—from a society of people interested in Churchill to a major institution, including them but dedicated to impressing Churchill's thoughts and deeds on young people through programs of teaching and publishing. The UK and Canadian organizations are still ICS, but at least one of them is thinking of becoming a "Churchill Centre" in its own right.

Five years ago we set out to create a multi-million dollar endowment. To date the amount pledged is $2 million and the amount in hand approaches $ 1 million. This money is never spent, but invested to sustain the Center's work through its earnings. This year it will add about $50,000 to the Center's budget. All of this success is due to the Churchill Center Associates (see next spread), who have donated or pledged from $10,000 on up to the endowment fund. All members of our Board are Associates.

Greater yet is the fact that we have an endowment now taken seriously by individuals to whom we have appealed for very large gifts. We are just now formalizing two major gifts from two such individuals, earmarked for specific projects—electronic teaching through our website and publications.

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Finest Hour 112, Autumn 2001

Page 44



Our Annual Report, which you have recently received, shows exciting progress toward our goal of advancing Churchill's principles of leadership among the future leaders of our country and the world. As always, your annual donation to our working funds is responsible for much of this. We cannot do it without you!

Your annual subscription covers only about one-fourth of our expenses. We are as active as we are—particularly through seminars and symposia— only because of the continuous, generous and repeated support of our members.

Last year, we enjoyed a very successful Heritage Fund Appeal: 172 donations, a total of $26,485, average per donation $154. In launching our 2001 appeal, we wish to express gratitude to those who helped us so much last year. Their names are listed here. Our deepest and most sincere thanks to each and every one.

As you plan your end-of-year charitable donations, we hope you will again consider The Churchill Center. A dollar, or ten, or one hundred, or one thousand, goes so much further with us than the big charities—because we have only one modest goal: impressing the life and work of Winston Churchill firmly on the 21st century.

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Finest Hour 112, Autumn 2001

Page 32

By Michael McMenamin



125 Years Ago:

Autumn 1876 • Age 1

"I Have the Crown of England in My Pocket"


Safe in the care of his nanny, Mrs. Everest, infant Winston was blissfully unaware of the tempest swirling around him. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was reaping that autumn the harvest he had sown in the spring. The problem had arisen when Lord Blandford, Randolph's older brother and heir to the Dukedom, became involved in an illicit affair with Lady Aylesford— whose husband, like Lord Randolph, was a close friend of the Prince of Wales. Lord Aylesford had been traveling with the Prince in India when the infidelity was disclosed to him in a letter from his wayward wife.

A public divorce was threatened by Lord Aylesford and Lord Randolph unwisely intervened on his brother's behalf. As Winston's son Randolph later wrote: "Accordingly [Lord Randolph] took upon himself to call on the Princess of Wales. He was accompanied by a young newly created peer, Lord Alington. They pointed out to the Princess that it would be undesirable for divorce proceedings to be instituted and they asked her to tell the Prince to stop Aylesford continuing with his divorce plans. At the same time, Lord Randolph let it be widely known that he had in his possession certain letters which the Prince of Wales had written to Lady Aylesford; and Sir Charles Dilke recollected that he said: 'I have the Crown of England in my pocket.'"

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Finest Hour 112, Autumn 2001

Page 34

By CHRISTOPHER C. HARMON

Easily visible on secure plinths above all swirls or pettiness are two heroes. One is a first-class general, probably the best Chief of Imperial General Staff Britain ever knew. The other, looming even larger, is a soldier-turned-statesman, who probably saved the West.



Alan Francis Brooke1 served for five years as Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Britain's highest-ranking army officer, he was the closest military adviser to Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill. Accordingly, in the late Fifties, when he published his World War II diaries, The Turn of the Tide and Triumph in the West, they were something of a scandal for their pungent, even brutal words about Churchill. Many were offended that so famous a statesman could be accused of boorishness, peevishness, and strategic lunacy by a general who had served him so long.

Historians had a different criticism of the original volumes, notably their heavy editing by the historian Arthur Bryant. Experts have long wondered what had been cut, what had been changed or obscured.2 Now they know.

In the new War Diaries, editors Alex Danchev and Daniel Todman include the full original diaries and the short passages Alanbrooke added after the war. Inevitably the new edition renews British attentions to the differences between the Field Marshal and Prime Minister.

Read anew, however, the entries seem to show that it was the strains and storms of war—more than Winston Churchill—that made these times so hard on Alanbrooke, whose utter exhaustion seeps through his prose. Penned for his wife, ostensibly with no intent of publication, the diaries were a steam vent for dealing with pressure.

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Finest Hour 112, Autumn 2001

Page 55

Compiled by Richard M. Langworth

A compendium of facts eventually to appear as a reader's guide.



Official residences (5) such as Admiralty House and Downing Street are listed only for the periods the Churchills actually resided there. Residences asterisked (*) are London addresses which carry the blue historical plaque. (It is not clear whether the Churchills fully vacated Hyde Park Gate during the 1951-55 Premiership.)

Included are temporary quarters, such as the Ivor and Freddie Guest residences, used between homes; and holiday rentals: Pear Tree Cottage (occupied for summer holidays at the outbreak of World War I); Hoe Farm, where Churchill learned to paint; and "Hosey Rigge," rented by WSC during the overhaul of Chartwell, which he nicknamed "Cozy Pig."

Key references are Speaking for Themselves: The Personal Letters of Winston and Clementine Churchill, by Mary Soames; and the official biography, Winston S. Churchill, by Randolph S. Churchill and Sir Martin Gilbert.

London Primary Residences

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Finest Hour 112, Autumn 2001

Page 14



Winston Churchill was the most quoted historical figure during the week following September 1 lth .... Anent "Operation Enduring Freedom," Suzanne Sigman sent us this: "Operations," Churchill said, "ought not to be described by codewords which imply a boastful and over-confident sentiment." Their names "ought not to be names of frivolous character. They should not be ordinary words." .... On the September 15th weekend, Chartwell had 3,000 more visitors than the same weekend last year; in London, 20,000 stood vigil at the American Embassy in Grosvenor Square while floral tributes appeared at the Whitehall statue of Franklin Roosevelt.... Toronto Sun columnist Peter Worthington received our 2001 Utter Excess Award for demanding that President Bush deliver an on-the-spot fight-on-the-beaches speech, and not be a "grief counsellor scurrying from airport to airport (Florida, Louisiana, Nebraska) in safety, rather than risking Washington"; and for excoriating his own country for providing a porous border. Everybody knows why the Secret Service moved Bush about and it had nothing to do with the President's wishes. If Bush's first remarks didn't suffice, his later ones did. Churchill, remember, wasn't asked to deliver his "Finest Hour" speech within moments of a disaster. This was certainly the most ignorant article we have come across except in the abodes of the guilty .... The first New Yorker we got through to after September 11th was Churchill Center Associate Glenn Horowitz, a

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Finest Hour 112, Autumn 2001

Page 51

By Georgina Landemare, Churchill family cook, 1940s-1950s updated and annotated for the modern kitchen by Barbara Langworth (b_langworth @conknet. com)



Sir Winston did not care for thick or creamy soups, but the rest of the family were fond of them. When Mrs. Landemare served something like this delicious cucumber recipe he would have consomme.

Creme Doria


1 large cucumber [make sure it is not waxed]
1 large shallot
2 Tb butter
2 Tb raw rice
1 quart [32 oz] chicken stock
3 Tb cream
1 beaten egg yolk
Salt and pepper

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Finest Hour 112, Autumn 2001

Page 47

By Curt Zoller

Lord Kitchener and Winston Churchill: The Dardanelles Commission, Volume I, 1914-15, edited by Tim Coates. London: The Stationery Office "Uncovered Edition" series, 2000, 216 pp., £6.99. The CC Book Club will place one order for this work. Will readers desiring a copy please advise the editor but send no money, we will bill you.



In 1917 the British government issued the Dardanelles Commission First Report and Supplement and later die Dardanelles Commission Final Report, Parts I and II. The same government has now released a two-volume abridged version in its "Uncovered Editions" series, a term for "historic official papers which have not previously been available in a popular form."

Volume I reviews the circumstances surrounding the conception, execution and failure of the plan to sail through the Dardanelles to the Sea of Marmara, arrive off Constantinople and force Turkey to surrender "by ships alone." The account is presented in narrative form, interspersed with quotations from some of the witnesses appearing before the Commission.

The Dardanelles had previously been forced in February 1807, when Great Britain sent a fleet under Admiral Duckworth to open the straits in case of necessity to act offensively against the Turks during the Napoleonic wars. Duckworth broke through and entered the Marmara with negligible losses. After eleven days the British warships returned down the straits, enduring heavy casualties from the now stronger Turkish batteries. Floating mines did not then exist.

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Finest Hour 112, Autumn 2001

Page 46

By Andrew Roberts

Churchill's War, by David Irving, Volume 2: Triumph in Adversity, London: Focal Point Publications, 1064 pages, £25 ($40), member price $32.



Admirers of Sir Winston Churchill can breathe a huge sigh of relief. For 14 years since the publication of David Irving's first volume on Churchill they have been waiting to see what new conspiracies the right-wing historian might have managed to dig up in the hundreds of archives from which he has worked, but in this thick hymn of hate it is clear he has not managed to land one single significant blow on the reputation of Britain's wartime leader.

All the old accusations are trotted out: that Churchill was a rude, lying alcoholic who concealed Japan's intention to attack Pearl Harbour from the Americans, was behind the murder of Britain's ally the Polish leader General Sikorski, wanted to flatten Rome, and so on. There are even a few new and equally groundless ones: according to this volume Churchill was also a flasher who enjoyed exposing himself to foreign statesmen, was responsible for tipping off the Nazis to the fact that Britain had broken their codes, and asked MI6 to assassinate Britain's other ally, General de Gaulle. I have counted a dozen new accusations in this volume, most of which would be laughable if they were not so foamingly presented, complete with 160 pages of notes that are alleged to back them up.

Yet when, for example, Irving claims that the then Queen Elizabeth (now the Queen Mother) supported Hitler's peace offer in 1940, and that the proof is to be found in Box Number 23 of Lord Monckton's papers at the Bodleian Library in Oxford, I recalled from my own work on Monckton that that particular box has never been open to historians. The

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Finest Hour 112, Autumn 2001

Page 50

Correspondence over "Listserv Winston"



The Churchill Center maintains an internet listgroup that allows you to communicate with 500"people worldwide on any Churchill subject. Subscriptions are free. To subscribe, send the two word message SUBSCRIBE WINSTON, followed by your name, to: listserv@vm. marist.edu and then follow the instructions you receive back. The listgroup is maintained for us by kind courtesy ofMarist College. If you have any problems, email our host, Prof. Jonah Triebwasser (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.).

Point


David Kennedy's Freedom from Fear (612) states: "Even larger anxieties proliferated about Soviet intentions. In midsummer 1943 Stalin had withdrawn his ambassadors from both London and Washington. In September came rumors that the Germans had extended a peace feeler to Moscow through Japan stimulating anew the fear of a separate settlement in eastern Europe before a second front had even opened in the west. One observer detected "an atmosphere alarmingly reminiscent of that which had preceded the Molotov Ribbentrop pact of August 1939." There's a footnote to Foreign Relations of the United States (1943) and Sherwood, Roosevelt and Hopkins, 734.

Counterpoint


In 1943, Stalin fumed over the failure of FDR and Churchill to launch a second front, and wrote them a message full of contempt. Sherwood states (697): "Undoubtedly [Roosevelt's] timing of the [Unconditional Surrender] statement at

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